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Chatterjee T et al.  
Nonsurgical closure of secundum atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale

Journal of Clinical and Basic Cardiology 2001; 4 (1): 35-38

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Fig. 1a-e: ASD- und PFO-Occluder Fig. 2: Vorhofseptumdefekt Verschlu▀

Keywords: atrialer SeptumdefektKatheterisierungoffenes Foramen ovaleparadoxe Embolieatrial septal defectcatheterizationparadoxical embolismpatent foramen ovale

In the past surgery has been the established therapy to treat a significant atrial septal defect. In the presence of patent foramen ovale with otherwise unexplained (cryptogenic) cerebral embolism, the therapy was oral anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy. Surgery was considered only in case of recurrence. Percutaneous transcatheter occlusion of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale is a new valuable alternative to surgical closure. This report presents the current knowledge and our own data concerning nonsurgical closure of atrial septal defects and patent foramen ovale. J Clin Basic Cardiol 2001;4: 35-38.
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