|Kaufmann P et al.|
Factors Influencing Outcome in Patients Admitted to a Medical Intensive Care Unit After Successful Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Journal of Clinical and Basic Cardiology 2002; 5 (3): 233-235
PDF Summary Figures
Keywords: APA score, Herzstillstand, ICU, Intensivstation, Kardiologie, kardiopulmonale Reanimation, Koronare Herzkrankheit, Laktat, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, intensive care
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is often unsuccessful or subsequently associated with a high mortality rate. We therefore desired to evaluate risk factors which could influence outcome. Out of 411 adult patients admitted to a medical intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac arrest 52 % survived to be discharged from the ICU, and 33 % were discharged from hospital. Non-surviving patients included a high percentage of elderly persons (>= 75 yrs), patients with coronary heart disease (38 % vs. 18 % and 77 % vs. 67 %, respectively), and patients with chronic diseases (6 = median vs. 4; p < 0.001). In addition, severe acute disease as estimated by the Acute Physiology Score and high plasma lactate levels on admission to the ICU had a negative influence on hospital mortality.